The Anglo-Boer War Philatelic Society


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With the Flag to Pretoria

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Commercial and political interests were aroused under the pretext of better (i.e. imperial) government.

Gold was discovered on the Rand in 1887

The Presidents of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State strove to maintain independence.

Tsar Nicholas's and President Steyn's efforts for peace during 1898 and 1899 came to nothing. Britain began moving troops from the UK and India. A Boer ultimatum, demanding that these forces should not land in South Africa, ran out on 11th October 1899 and their commandos crossed into northern and central Cape Colony and northern Natal.

At this stage they outnumbered the British and drove them back, laying siege to Mafeking, Kimberley and Ladysmith.

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